International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences

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Volume 7, Issue 3 (March, 2017)

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to examine moderating role of emotional intelligence on the relationship of perceived soft skills and employability in the business graduates of Malaysia. Study is descriptive and quantitative in nature. The data were collected from 380 students of four different universities (USM, UITM, UUM, UM) of Malaysia. CFA and SEM techniques have been applied to check the validity and hypotheses testing. The results divulged that different types of skills are significantly and positively associated with employability. Moreover, findings also proved that students level of emotional intelligence significantly moderate on the relationship of perceived soft skills and employability. This study gives insight understanding regarding the crucial role of skills and emotional intelligence to positively shape the employability.

Keywords

Perceived soft skills, Emotional Intelligence, Employability

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2688
Profiling GPS Users among Small Scale Fishermen in Malaysia
Author(s): Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril, Azimi Hamzah, Bahaman Abu Samah      Pages: [23-32]
Abstract

This study aims to profile the GPS users among small scale fishermen in Malaysia. The study is quantitative in nature whereby a total of 400 respondents from 12 fisheries districts were involved. The analysis have confirmed that older fishermen with PMR/SRP level of education formed the majority of GPS users. On average, the fishermen surveyed had about 19 years of experience in fishing activities and they have utilised the GPS for 5 years. Their level of GPS usage was high and in general, most of them has been relying on this technology for two main purposes – navigation and safety. The findings from this study can assist the concerned parties in understanding the background of GPS users and their pattern of usage, which later allows them to strategize several efforts to encourage GPS usage among non-users through future programs that are in line with their needs, abilities and interests.

Keywords

Fisheries Technology Usage, Community Development, Rural Development

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2689
Abstract

Kurdistan Region of Iraq today is facing incalculable challenges as a result of high unemployment rate. Unemployment has risen sharply over the last two years as 20 – 25 per cent had lost their jobs mainly in the private sector. For example, unemployment in 2013 stood at 7 per cent and in 2014, it grew to 10 per cent (BasNews, 2015) and the trends suggest a steady increase in the years ahead. This paper discusses the interconnectedness between entrepreneurial activities and employment creation in Kurdistan. The paper also examines the extent in which crises free environment can facilitate a strategy for employment opportunities within the Region under investigation using some specific organizations as Mini Case Study. The motivation for conducting research in this area is to provide some solutions on how the rising unemployment trend in Kurdistan Region of Iraq can be ameliorated.

Keywords

Entrepreneurship, Unemployment, Entrepreneurial activities, Entrepreneurs, employment.

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2690
Influence of HRM Practices on Project Performance: Conceptual Framework
Author(s): Muneer Mohamed Imhmed Abuazoom, Hanizun Bin Hanafi, Zul Zakiyuddin Bin Ahmad      Pages: [47-54]
Abstract

The main purpose of this paper is to conceptualize the importance of human resource management (HRM) practices towards project performance in the construction industry of Libya. HRM have been considered as the main source of sustainable competitive edge for the organization. It helps to create the workforce contribution, however there have not been extensive studies to fairly bleak the picture of employment practices and industrial relations specifically in the construction sector of Libya. The extensive literature having established the HRM-performance relationship, what is lacking is empirical research examining the mechanisms through which the relationships works. After reviewing the extant literature on HRM and performance, different conceptualisation have emerged. Perhaps the most important with regards to HRM practices is the concept of implementation reflecting to see the organisation succeed in its goals and feelings to being part of the organisation. This research will significantly contribute to provide new promising HRM framework that will tend to improve project performance in the construction industry.

Keywords

HRM Practices

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2691
Abstract

Despite the important role played by small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in poverty reduction, economic development, job creation and innovation for both developing and developed countries, still there are serious impediments limiting the availability of affordable and timely finances to support the startup SMEs. There has been very little research exploring the impediments particularly related to external financing of the SMEs. . This study conducted in Tanzania in 2014 explores the barriers encountering startup SMEs in Morogoro Municipality to use external source of capital as their main source of capital at the initial stage of their businesses. The findings indicate that the requirements imposed by financiers such as banks and SACCOS to starting business are the main barriers to startup business to use external capital. In addition other factors include the lack of Collateral, information asymmetry, business plan and business registration were rated to be main barriers to startup businesses to use external sources of capital. It is suggested that , the government and other stakeholders including lenders need to make some innervations so as to mitigate the problem of failing to utilize external sources of capital.

Keywords

Collateral, Information Asymmetry, Business Plan, Startup SMEs

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2692
Abstract

Transformational leadership theory has acquired the interest of many researchers in the discipline of organisational leadership since the last three decades. The main foundation of the transformational leadership theory is the leader’s aptitude to stimulate the follower to accomplish more than what the follower planned to accomplish. This study will focus on the main components of transformational leadership namely, idealised influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individualised consideration. However, for this study, Islamic perspective was added to this research. This addition is mainly because in light of new literature on leadership in Islam, it was found that most of the teachings of Islam embodies many of the concepts of modern leadership theories which are transformational in nature. A number of studies have investigated the effect of transformational leadership on the performance of organisation. However, there is an extensive gap in the research literature regarding the processes through which a transformational leader applies this impact to change his followers to be the best performer that are extremely dedicated to the organisation hence this study will be based on the issue stated above. The qualitative phenomenological case study methodology was chosen based on the objective of conducting this particular research study. The purpose of this study was to explore the process actualised by transformational leaders which will eventually lead to the effectiveness of transformational leadership in accomplishing to support a high-performance workforce that will exceeds the organisational expectations. The data collection was obtained from ENI Gas Company in Libya. The target audience for this study was nine (9) respondents. The findings showed different practices of transformational leadership by the leader of ENI Gas Company in the usage of the four I’s and Islamic perspective. In this regard, from the respondents feedback, it was discovered that the leader practiced the characteristics and behaviour, moral standard and leadership style in idealised influence; demonstrating commitment, future envisioning and risk management for inspirational motivation; innovative and creative and motivation for intellectual stimulation; coach and mentor and communication for individualised consideration; good example of Muslim leader, Islamic tools and ethics life principles for the Islamic perspectives.

Keywords

Transformational Leadership, The Process Of Transformational Leadership, Organisational Performance, Performance Beyond Expectations, Libya.

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2695
Blue Ocean Leadership (BOL) Practices towards Promoting Employee Engagement in Public Service
Author(s): Zaki Zakaria, Madya Dr Khairudin Idris, Mohd Bakhari Ismail      Pages: [85-98]
Abstract

Malaysia has bold intention to be an advanced nation in 2020. Here, public service holds the key as they are the primary facilitator in achieving this noble dream. It required fully engaged public service workforce as achieving Vision 2020 is an ardours task. Getting employees’ engagement is within reach with the introduction of Blue Ocean Leadership that provides a totally new approach as employees views are taken into consideration in developing new leadership profile. What makes it more interesting, it can be implemented at any time, low cost and able to provide high impact result. The issue of employee engagement needs special attention as the current situation portrays a shocking truth where only 13% of employees worldwide are engaged. In Malaysia, the rate is even worse as there are only 11% employees engaged in their jobs. Hence, employee engagement is critical issue that need to be addressed urgently in public service. As such, Blue Ocean Leadership is offering new framework and tools for leaders in public service with the aim of increasing level of employee engagement. Finally, this new leadership profile is shown on leadership canvas and shared among employees that aim to motivate them to strive for organizational excellence.

Keywords

Blue Ocean Leadership, Employee Engagement, Leadership, Vision 2020 And Public Service

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2696
Abstract

Livestock keeping represent vast majority of household wealth and accounts for more than two-thirds of average family income in arid and semi-arid lands of Kenya. In the last decade, four severed droughts occurred in Northern Kenya resulting to major livestock mortality. Following to this, several projects were embarked to manage risk such as provision of micro-insurance for low income people but not much has been achieved. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the moderating effect of index based livestock insurance on socio-cultural factors affecting performance of livestock projects in North Eastern Kenya. The study used cross sectional design and targeted population from households in Garissa and Wajir. Structured questionnaire was administered to the sampled population which was randomly selected using multi-stage random sampling technique. Quantitative data collected was analyzed by statistical models such as Analysis of variance (ANOVA), Multivariate regression analysis was applied to measure moderating effect of index based livestock insurance on socio-cultural factors. The study found out that there was a weak positive linear relationship between socio-cultural factors and performance of livestock projects in North Eastern Kenya using Pearson correlation coefficient. However, introduction of moderating variable into independent variable (socio-cultural factors) there was insignificant relationship with performance of livestock projects in North Eastern Kenya North Eastern Kenya.The study recommends to the project managers to be cognisant that group norms would affect the individual’s behavior patterns and therefore they should ensure that religion, culture, norms and values are factored before any project takes off.

Keywords

Index based Livestock Insurance, Performance of Livestock Projects, Socio-Cultural

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2697
Abstract

Purpose: The present research attempts to explore the relationship between work-life balance, social support and burnout whether work-life balance and social support might predict burnout. Approach and Methodology: Research data have been collected in five sectors via online survey which is conducted with three 5 points Likert type scales. Multiple regression analysis is applied to obtain predictors of burnout and in order to determine the differences between groups regarding socio-demographic factors, ANOVA analysis is performed via SPSS 20.0 software program. Findings and Results: According to the findings of the research; it could be briefly said that dimensions of work-life balance and social support are predictors of dimensions of burnout. More precisely; emotional support, neglecting life, life is just working and taking time for oneself dimensions are the predictors of depersonalization. Neglecting life, life is just working, work-life accordance, taking time for oneself and carrying work to home dimensions are the predictors of emotional exhaustion. Informational and instrumental support, neglecting life, work-life accordance and taking time for oneself dimensions are the predictors of personal accomplishment. Neglecting life, work-life accordance and carrying work to home dimensions are the predictors of involvement with people. Contribution and Implications: The need for this research is the absence of any study which consists of work-life balance, social support and burnout together. Therefore, the research aims to fill this gap and seeks to offer a contribution to the extant literature with determining the predictors of burnout.

Keywords

Work-life Balance, Social Support, Burnout, Multiple Regression, ANOVA

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2699
The Effect of Higher Education quality on Economic Growth in Libya
Author(s): Ali Mahmoud Ali Alsanousi      Pages: [139-149]
Abstract

Purpose– The study tries to understand how the quality of higher education in higher education contributes to economic growth in Libya and studies the degree of association between these two variables. Design/methodology/approach– to measure the correlation between the quality of higher education and economic growth in Libya, the study used a quantitative approach and statistical analysis based on simple linear regression. The results of this approach determine the degree of association between the quality of higher education and economic growth. Findings– results it is concluded that higher education quality is the strongest factor that mediate the relationship between return to higher education and economic growth, also it has a high degree of contribution to economic growth in Libya Practical implications– The results of this study highlight the importance of higher education quality in higher education to the Libyan government so that the government should lower the quality of higher education in order to strengthen economic growth in Libya. Originality/value– Previous studies on consumer animosity did not investigate the effect of higher education quality in higher education on economic growth in Libya. This study contributes to the body of knowledge on linking higher education quality from higher education with economic growth and examines their qualifications and train them to be experienced and qualified higher education quality in the future, the results of this study help the government of Libya to raise economic growth in return.

Keywords

Higher Education Quality, Economic Growth, Higher Education.

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2706
Critical Overview of Organizational Citizenship and Organizational Loyalty and Empiric Study for Two Concept
Author(s): Omer Okan FETTAHLIOGLU, Cansu BIRIN, Zahide AKDOGAN      Pages: [150-165]
Abstract

As country nationals who is a member of a country and that subject to the constitutional arrangements of the country, the people working within the organization, was accepted as a citizen of the business, they should benefit from all rights on an equal level. This line of thinking in the concept of organizational citizenship should be re-examined. The definitions referred to in the literature is lacking in our opinion, only on the basis of the voluntary and undertaking extra role, not fulfill these elements of organizational citizenship and a greater number of other employees which to include be redefined is a necessary condition for us. Based on this idea, whether the impact on organizational loyalty of organizational citizenship behavior were included in the study. In our study, employees' perceptions of organizational citizenship behavior has been investigated whether the effect on organizational loyalty. To test the hypothesis, survey was conducted with 283 people which working in a public institution in Bitlis. This survey were analyzed with SPSS. According to the findings, it was found that the positive and low strength relationship (.156 and .367 between value and p <0.01 level) between organizational citizenship behavior and organizational of loyalty. the organizational citizenship behavior on organizational loyalty has been concluded to be effective in the range of 13% 13 (R2:,135; ?:,329; p: 0,000) to 2.4%(R2:.024; ?:.123; p: 0.000).

Keywords

Organization, Organizational Citizenship, Organizational Loyalty

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2707
Impact of Demographic and Health Factors on GDP Growth of South Asian Countries
Author(s): Syed Emad Azhar Ali, Sara Khurram      Pages: [166-179]
Abstract

The changing aspects of world economic transformation has been attention-grabbing especially for last 10-20 years as this time duration has seen swift progress and development in economic, demographic and health factors. Among the developing countries, there has been a dramatic increase in South Asia’s GDP. GDP of South Asia has grown by 7% on average in the last decade. This GDP growth is further expected to grow by 8% by 2019 (World Bank).Particularly, significant increase in the GDP growth of the countries like India, Srilanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan is observed. This achievement in economic growth must be backed by the characteristics of the country’s nationals. Among such characteristics, one of the determinants of GDP growth is country’s demographic factors and the health of the nationals. Demographic factors play its role in the economic growth by molding the characteristics of the people in a country and therefore percentage of labor force participation. There has not been significant contribution in the literature on the impact of these demographic factors on South Asian GDP. This study has validated new indication supporting the impression that disparity in demographic features is a significant determinant of growth in the country’s economic growth. Using a panel dataset from 2002 to 2011 at the country-level in the South Asia, this study is conducted to analyze by incorporating factors related to demographic and health into a function of economic growth, this study has depicted that demographic changeover has played a significant role in South Asia’s development. It was statistically found that health expenditure and mortality has a significant positive association with the GDP growth. It is important to note that potential growth of South Asian economies is largely dependent on its skill formation capacity of its population, particularly working age population. Therefore, Government of a country should play a major role to strengthen its health sector which can contribute more effectively towards economic growth and development.

Keywords

GDP growth, life expectancy, mortality, fertility, health expenditure, South Asia

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2708
Abstract

The study aimed to establish factors contributing to low sanitation and hygiene coverage as well as determining the knowledge, attitudes and cultural practices of the community members on sanitation and hygiene. This study adopted a qualitative research paradigm with the descriptive research design being the preferred research design. Sustainable Livelihood Approach was used as a concept underpinning this study. The research findings revealed that, low sanitation and hygiene was due to poverty within the community. The community has a negative attitude towards sanitation and hygiene programmes, and inadequate resources reduce the number of households with sanitation facilities. The research therefore recommended that, the community be adequately educated through awareness programmes, be provided with enough resources so as to increase coverage in sanitation and hygiene and that programme implementers regularly supervise sanitation and hygiene programmes.

Keywords

Sanitation, Defecation, Blair Latrine, Hygiene, Community Mobilization

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2709
Abstract

The foundation of an organization is to combine the dynamism and knowledge of diverse people. Often such combinations may result in conflicts too. To take advantage of joint work requires con?ict management. In this paper, the central focus is on the conflict management and resolution in Saudi Arabia’s public and private sector. It is because Saudi Arabia is one of the countries that have immensely benefitted from globalization. Not only does it export oil, but also require a knowledgeable, skilled, and able workforce. In a country that 27% of the workforce is composed of the expatriates, it is important to identify and define the various factors that influence Human Resource Management practices. Management and resolution of conflicts is a functional area for the Human resource departments. The scope of conflict, as it were, includes those actions that hamper work relationships and interactions. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia presents an important context for this study. As such, there are three study areas for this paper. These include conflict management and resolution, Saudi Arabia, and Human Resource Management. Through the blending of concepts associated with the study areas, it is possible to define not only industrial relations but also the difference in approaches taken by the public and the private sector. Because of the composition of the workforce, and the inevitability of conflicts, it is important to identify the environmental issues, which render the conditions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia unique, and, for several reasons, a challenge to Human Resource Management professionals. Since conflicts at workplace are inevitable, Saudi Arabia’s unique political and social context provide a chance to define the conflict management and resolution approaches available for the public and private sector. Among other things, this paper resolves that the conflict management and resolution in the public sector is a rigid process.

Keywords

Conflict, Management, Multiculturalism, Workforce, Saudi Arabia

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i3/2710