International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development


Volume 6, Issue 3 (2017)

Teaching and Learning Computer Programming Using Gamification and Observation through Action Research
Author(s): Noraini Talib, Siti Fatimah Mohd Yassin, Mohd Khalid Mohd Nasir      Pages: [1-11]

This study was conducted to explore the effectiveness of teaching and learning programming using gamification approach. The research design used was an action research and a total of 225 students of Community College in Selangor, Malaysia has taken part in this study. All participants are divided into ten cycles of action research. Data collection has been done through structured observation and analysed using SWOT analysis techniques. The findings show that various weaknesses, strengths, opportunities and threats have been identified from reflection of teacher, students, educational expert as well as the researcher itself. Improvements have been made in every cycle and at the end of cycle shows that gamification is a good approach to teaching and learning computer programming as well as increasing student’s achievement and motivation. This study has given the best impact on the field of computer programming education. However, the enhanced of this study should be done and the experimental design is suggested to be used for future studies.



Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARPED/v6-i3/3045
Exploring Problems Experienced by Malay Learners of Arabic in Reading: Implications for Strategic Instruction
Author(s): Nurazan Mohmad Rouyan, Ismaiel Hassanein, Ismail Sheikh Ahmad, Kaseh Abu Bakar      Pages: [12-30]

Reading strategy instruction or strategic reading instruction (SRI) has proven to help facilitate effective reading skills among language learners, which will consequently enhance learners’ reading comprehension. The main concern of this research, thus, is to promote strategic teaching and learning of reading amongst instructors and learners of Arabic as a second/foreign language (AFL). This research is a part of a larger design and development study that engages in designing and developing a SRI that is tailored to the needs of Malay AFL learners. Hence, the purpose of this research is to use the analysis objective to summarise problems experienced by AFL learners drawn from the needs analysis. The problem of AFL learners in reading were examined from both the learning and the teaching aspects through an extensive literature review of the problem. In addition, one-to-one interviews with five experts in the field of Arabic language learning strategy research were conducted to gain insights of practitioners regarding AFL learners’ problems and strategy use in Arabic reading. Findings suggest that there is a crucial need to develop a SRI programme that is contextualized to the particular needs of Malay AFL learners. This study believes that when implemented with all the critical characteristics drawn from the needs analysis, the SRI has the potential to inculcate in learners a more strategic approach towards Arabic reading. The research then concludes with some implications and recommendations for the design of SRI in the teaching and learning of Arabic reading.


Strategic Arabic Reading, Strategic Reading Instruction, Arabic as a Foreign Language (AFL), Language Learning Strategies (LLS), Design and Development Research

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARPED/v6-i3/3072

This study explored university students’ perceptions in reference to accountability of higher education in Kenya. The study sought to investigate their perceptions on: role of higher education and key issues related to accountability. It also explored their overall views on quality assurance, accreditation and universities self-evaluation. The sample comprised 147 undergraduate students. The questionnaire was used to collect data. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. Findings show that students feel higher education plays a significant role in the development of the country. In relation to accountability, they were of the opinion that the quality of higher education in Kenya is low and that universities need to focus more on the current labor market demands. To promote accountability, majority of students were for the idea that their views be included in universities’ self-evaluation reports. In addition, they also want the detailed process of accreditation and self-evaluation of universities to be explained to them.


Students’ Perceptions, Accountability, Higher Education, Kenya

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARPED/v6-i3/3079
Self-Efficacy and Academic Performance of Secondary Schools Students in Perak: An Exploratory Outlook
Author(s): Wan Hanum Suraya binti Wan Mohamed, Jamal @ Nordin bin Yunus      Pages: [41-55]

Self-efficacy is an important entity in elevating someone to a better level. Without efficacy, individuals will not be able to face difficulties in life. In the context of secondary school students in Perak, there were different perspectives on self-efficacy between male and female students. Female students were more optimistic when facing difficulties in their studies compared to male students. This may be due to the nature of gender itself. They were inherently easier in putting trust to a certain degree higher than male students. Trust and confidence were easily developed among the female students. They easily absorb the words of encouragement and motivation given by teachers, parents and others to them. They can be easily shaped by the circumstances while male students were rather restricted to their original values. However, male students exhibited a higher level of efficacy in mathematics, computer and social science compared to the female students who had a higher level of efficacy in the literature and language. Although students were different in term of gender, the efforts to strengthen the quality of students' academic achievement in Malaysia should always be balanced without any comparison between students’ gender. Students’ success is our success. Their failure in academic should be overcomed so that the future of the state is not threatened by those who were reluctant to acquire knowledge.


Self-efficacy, Academic Achievement, Gender, National Secondary Schools

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARPED/v6-i3/3081