International Journal of Academic Research in Psychology

Archives

Volume 3, Issue 2 (2016)

Relationship between Social Support and Loneliness and Academic Adjustment among University Students
Author(s): Majid Sadoughi, Fatemeh Hesampour      Pages: [1-8]
Abstract

Transition from high school to university often causes much stress for most students. In the new university environment, students often face various interpersonal, social, and academic demands, each of which could potentially create stressful situations for most of them. Such changes can lead to specific problems in adjustment. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between social support and loneliness, in one hand, and academic adjustment, in the other hand, among university students. The statistical population includes all students studying at the University of Kashan in 2014-2015 academic year. According to Krejcie and Morgan Table, 320 students were randomly selected via stratified multistage cluster sampling based on gender and faculty. The participants filled out Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), the UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLA-LS), and the Academic Adjustment subscale of Baker and Siryk’s Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (SACQ). Stepwise Regression Analysis and Pearson Correlation were run in SPSS-22 to analyze the data. The results showed that academic adjustment has a significant positive relationship with the dimensions of social support and a significant negative relationship with loneliness. Moreover, loneliness and social support from family can significantly predict academic adjustment among university students.

Keywords

Social Support, Loneliness, Academic Adjustment, Students

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARP/v3-i2/2455
A Study on Emotional Intelligence among Psychotherapists in Northern Uganda
Author(s): Kabunga Amir, Murithi J. Jesse      Pages: [9-19]
Abstract

A growing number of studies have suggested that emotional intelligence could have an impact on several individual domains. However, few studies have been done on emotional intelligence among psychotherapists in Africa in general and Uganda in particular. The study was to determine the levels of emotional intelligence among psychotherapists in northern Uganda. Data collection occurred with surveys incorporating the Emotional Competency Inventory 2.0. Psychotherapists from northern Uganda participated with 207 respondents returning completed surveys. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics including percentages, median, minimum and maximum. Results indicates that 60.0% possessed high levels of self-awareness, 60.3% reported high levels of social awareness, 55.6% scored high in self-management domain and 70.1% scored highly in social skills. On the basis of these findings, suggestions and recommendations were made to include emotional intelligence as an integral component of training and incorporate emotional intelligence intervention techniques to benefit psychotherapists in managing work related stress.

Keywords

Emotional Intelligence, Northern Uganda, Psychotherapists

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARP/v3-i2/2484
Abstract

The gamut of the present experimental research was to examine the effects of yogic exercises on the physical fitness in terms of flexibility and endurance and their resultant effects on the academic achievement of high school students. A representative sample of 200 students (100 males and 100 females) of high school level was drawn randomly from two high schools and were further divided into two groups i.e., experimental and control group each consisting of equal number of males and females. Yogic exercises were given to the experimental group for a period of three months. The control group was not exposed to the yogic training. A factorial design of 2x2x (2) with repeated measure on the last factor was employed to see the significance of difference between different means of experimental and control group in both the genders. Results indicated that flexibility and endurance was improved significantly and thereby improved the academic performance of the students significantly for the experimental group irrespective of gender. The study has important implications for school students for employing yogic exercises in their school curriculum.

Keywords

Yogic Interventions

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARP/v3-i2/2493
Abstract

This study evaluated the impact of marketing strategies on customers’ satisfaction in NBC Yola depot from (2008-2016). Questionnaires were used as the instrument for data collection .The sample size of this study was 117 staff and customers selected by using simple random sampling. 45 management staff and 72 customers were selected from the company and (117) questionnaires were distributed. The finding reveals that 84.6% of the customers patronize the company product because it offers satisfaction and customer relation management strategy, coupled with high powered marketing skill. This study recommends that the company should focus on building commercial capabilities, increase their CRM strategy to ensure that they serve their customers better, while ensuring that they continue to be innovative in meeting the customers’ demands in a proactive manner for sustainable business capability, customer loyalty and retention.

Keywords

Customer satisfaction, Marketing strategies, Nigerian bottling company, Yola depot, Nigeria.

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARP/v3-i2/2494
Organizational Stressor of Staff Negative Behaviors among Higher Education Deans: A Post positivist Multiple Case Study
Author(s): Alfred Chan Huan Zhi, Mohd Dahlan Hj Malek, Ferlis Bahari      Pages: [65-76]
Abstract

Organizations and institutions today are now seeing rise of organizational stress and how it is directly contributing to the rise of financial and personal cost of mental health issues among its workers (Patty, 2016). The all important field of higher education is not spared and is also undergoing a paradigm shift, as a historically low competition industry to a sudden highly competitive industry (Otara, 2015). With these drastic changes, higher education deans are now plagued by a myriad of organizational stressors. A qualitative case study approach was used to investigated this phenomenon, encompassing the interview techniques of Patton (2002) and the validity and reliability exercises of Creswell (2014). Deans from one institution was found to encounter staff related organizational stressors which consisted of lecturer low performance, lecturer going against dean, lecturer against lecturer, lecturer negative behavior, lecturer low work ethic, and administrative staff negative work elements. This confirmed on the existence of organizational stressors among higher education deans and may be used to spur future research to reduce or eliminated this phenomenon.

Keywords

Organizational Stress, Stressors, Deans, Qualitative, Case Study, Postpositivist

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARP/v3-i2/2556