International Journal of Academic Research in Psychology


Volume 4, Issue 1 (2017)

Shifts in Manager’s Behavior as a Function of Enabling and Debilitating Contexts
Author(s): R B N Sinha, N Lakshmi      Pages: [1-10]

A sample of 150 respondents, 50 from each of three different locations in India, participated in a study that explored the shifts in the behavior of managers when they moved from disabling to enabling or from enabling to disabling context. The results were mixed in showing that the behavior in some instances improved as a function of the change from disabling to enabling and reversed as a result of the change from enabling to disabling context. Some of the behaviors were more positive in the enabling than in the disabling context. The paper suggests a need to explore the issues further.


Context, Disabling, Enabling

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARP/v4-i1/2597
The Relationship between Anxiety, Depression, and Quality of Life among Women with Breast Cancer
Author(s): Majid Sadoughi, Zahra Mohammad Salehi      Pages: [11-19]

Anxiety and depression, as common psychological disturbances among patients with breast cancer, might negatively influence their quality of life. The present study aims to explore the relationship between anxiety and depression, in one hand, and quality of life, in the other hand, among these patients. In the present correlational study, 97 women with breast cancer referring to Seyedoshohada Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, were selected through simple random sampling. The participants filled out Life Orientation Test (LOT), Snyder Adult Hope Scale, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Pearson product moment correlation and independent samples t-test were run in SPSS (version 22) to analyze the data. The mean of anxiety, depression, and Quality of Life were 10.21±4.79, 8.31±4.74, and 63.74±19.20, respectively. The total score of anxiety and depression was 18.53±9.02. The Pearson correlation coefficient indicated a statistically significant inverse relationship between Quality of Life and anxiety (r=-.48, p<.01) as well as depression (r=-.52, p<.01), indicating patients with more anxiety and depression had lower quality of life. Therefore, it is highly suggested that, along with conventional treatments, initial assessment and screening of anxiety and depression be paid more attention, and necessary interventions be made to reduce them among patients with breast cancer, enhancing these patients’ quality of life.


Breast Cancer, Anxiety, Depression, Quality of Life

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARP/v4-i1/2602
Interventions for Body Fat Reduction among Pakistani Women: A Randomized Control Trial Study
Author(s): Muhammad Waseem Tufail, Rahmattullah Khan, Md. Azman Shahadan, Muhammad Saleem      Pages: [20-30]

The burden of obesity is higher in Pakistani female, to overcome this burden effective treatment is desirable. The current study intends to provide effective intervention programs to reduce percent body fat among Pakistani women. Through randomized control trial study fourteen females (N= 14, PBF= 30.28 ± 3.24) were recruited by employing penal data technique with simple randomization. The sample distributed into two equal groups from online randomization. The experimental group received 10-week sessions of modified cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) along with supervised and unsupervised exercise regimen, plus supervised diet management plan. As a contrast, the control group received 10-week sessions without offering standard treatment. The results found that the intervention group or experimental group significantly reduced percent body fat (-3.02) while control group reduced (-0.37) within 10 weeks interventions, F=88.28, p<.001***, 2p =.880. Conclusively, the combination of CBT along with exercise regimen and diet plan is a most effective method to reduce percent body fat among obese women. The limitations and future directions are also discussed that can be a good contribution to the body of knowledge concerning obesity research.


CBT, Exercise regimen, Diet Plan, PBF, Women, Obesity, Pakistan, Effective interventions

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARP/v4-i1/2702

Kenya experienced post-election violence in 2007/2008; leaving 1,113 people dead and over 650,000 people displaced from their homes. Those who settled in urban areas became known as Integrated Internally Displaced Persons (IIDPs)..Out of the recorded 640 Integrated Internally Displaced Persons living in Thika Sub County, 345 showed Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after a baseline survey on psychological impact of the displacement was conducted by Community Counseling Resource Centre in 2012.The baseline survey recommended follow up trauma specific assessment on PTSD and trauma recovery counseling for the IIDPs. It was against these recommendations, that the researcher tested the IIDPs for PTSD using adapted modified Harvard Trauma Questionnaire for adults and applied Virginia Satir’s Model in trauma recovery intervention. The study used quasi-experimental research design in which the researcher used Solomon’s Four Non – equivalent Control Group Design. The researcher sampled 125 participants from the accessible 240 Integrated Internally Displaced Persons from Kiandutu, Kiganjo, Gachagi and Umoja slum villages in Thika Sub County who formed the four groups of study. Quantitative methods of data analysis involving the use of Analysis of Variance and t-test was used to list statistical significant difference within and among means in the posttest scores for the groups. Hypotheses were tested at an alpha of 0.05 (?=0.05) level of significance. The researcher established that Virginia Satir’s Model as an effective tool for reducing PTSD symptoms among the IIDPs in Thika Sub County


Virginia Satir Model, Integrated Internally Displaced Persons, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Post-Election Violence

Full Text :PDF DOI: 10.6007/IJARP/v4-i1/3491